|Every now and then we come across terminology
that leaves us scratching our heads as to the meaning of certain acronyms, buzzwords or
new IT terms emanating from our friends at Redmond (or Reading!). With this in mind, we've
put together a glossary of terms for you to use, print off or cut-n-paste to your desktop
which will help you sort out your ASPs (Active Server Pages) from your ASPs (Application
DNS. DHCP and Windows 2000 (Win2K) clients dynamically update DNS records instead of using
the traditional method of manually or programmatically adding the records to (static) DNS
capability whereby a higher administrative authority grants specific rights to groups and
File System (dfs) consists of two components: A service that runs on Windows 2000 (Win2K)
servers and a dfs client that runs on client computers. Dfs provides an easy and efficient
way for network clients to access files dispersed across a network. A network
administrator can configure either a standalone dfs or a domain-based dfs; domain-based
dfs offers fault tolerance. A dfs client comes with Win2K, Windows NT, and Windows 98. You
can download the dfs client for Win95 from Microsoft. Only NT 4.0 (standalone dfs server)
and Win2K (standalone and domain-based server) support the dfs server component.
Dynamic disk is a physical disk you can manage only with Win2K Disk Management. A Dynamic
disk, which can only contain dynamic volumes that Disk Management created, isn't visible
to MS-DOS. Unlike Basic disks, Dynamic disks can't contain partitions or logical drives.
You can perform certain tasks on a Dynamic disk only, including creating a simple,
spanned, striped, mirrored, or RAID5 volume; extending a simple or spanned volume;
repairing a mirrored or RAID5 volume; and reactivating a missing disk. If you decide to
convert a Dynamic disk back to a Basic disk, you'll have to remove all the volumes from
the Dynamic disk first.
File System (EFS) lets users encrypt files and folders so intruders cant view their
confidential data. EFS automatically generates an encryption key pair for users so they
can transparently encrypt files or folders. Encryption is a new NTFS attribute in Windows
2000 (Win2K). You can use either Windows Explorer or a command-line tool called CIPHER to
encrypt or decrypt files. The default encryption level that EFS provides is 56 bit; in
North America, users can use 128-bit encryption with the Enhanced CryptoPAK, which you can
order from Microsoft.
represents a series of security products that include serial port devices, PC cards,
server boards, and combination cards such as Fortezza/Modem and Fortezza/Ethernet. The US
Department of Defense uses Fortezza for hardware-based cryptography. You can use a
Fortezza cryptography card to make secure connections to Fortezza-enabled Web sites.
Before you make such a connection, you need a Fortezza cryptography card, a Fortezza
cryptography card reader, and the appropriate software drivers from the card-reader
vendor. You also have to enable the Use Fortezza option in Internet Explorer (IE) 5.0.