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Glossary - B - C


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Every now and then we come across terminology that leaves us scratching our heads as to the meaning of certain acronyms, buzzwords or new IT terms emanating from our friends at Redmond (or Reading!). With this in mind, we've put together a glossary of terms for you to use, print off or cut-n-paste to your desktop which will help you sort out your ASPs (Active Server Pages) from your ASPs (Application Service Provider).
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Basic disk A physical disk that can contain primary partitions, extended partitions, or logical drives in extended partitions. A Basic disk is visible to MS-DOS and might contain spanned, striped, mirrored, or RAID5 volumes from previous versions of NT. When you install Win2K, the OS initializes your hard disk as a Basic disk. By right-clicking the Basic disk in Disk Management, you can convert a Basic disk to a Dynamic disk and take advantage of its fault-tolerance features. You can perform certain tasks on a Basic disk only, including formatting a partition and marking it active, and creating and deleting primary partitions, extended partitions, and logical drives.
CA A Certificate Authority is a service such as Microsoft Certificate Server that issues digital certificates.
CDFS A CD-ROM File System is the file system used on PC CD-ROMs, as defined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) computer standard 9660.
Child domain A child domain is a Windows 2000 (Win2K) domain whose DNS name is subordinate to another domain. For example, research.mycompany.com is a child domain of mycompany.com. Also called a subdomain.
CIFS The Common Internet File System defines a standard remote file-system access protocol for use over the Internet, letting groups of users work together and share documents across the Internet or within their corporate intranets.
CLDAP Connectionless Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (CLDAP) is a UDP-like protocol for directory service communications; doesn't require a session.
Connection object A connection object is a unidirectional replication path between two domain controllers. The bidirectional ring in AD replication requires two connection objects.
Container An AD object that holds groups of objects and other containers.
CPS Connection Point Services (CPS) gives companies a way to automatically update phone book files on clients' computers. ISPs can use CPS to update access numbers and other information that typically resides in the client phone book database. CPS consists of two major components: the Phone Book Administrator (PBA), which runs on the workstation, and the Phone Book Service (PBS), which runs on a server.
CSP A Cryptographic Service Provider (CSP) is code that creates, destroys, and uses keys to perform a variety of crytographic operations